Denial of Service (DoS)

Affecting rubyzip gem, versions <1.3.0

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Overview

rubyzip is a ruby module for reading and writing zip files.

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Denial of Service (DoS). It is possible for a crafted ZIP file to bypass application checks on ZIP entry sizes because data about the uncompressed size can be spoofed. This allows attackers to cause a denial of service through maximum disk consumption. By default, the validate_entry_sizes option should be set to true, so that callers can trust an entry's reported size when using extract.

Details

Denial of Service (DoS) describes a family of attacks, all aimed at making a system inaccessible to its intended and legitimate users.

Unlike other vulnerabilities, DoS attacks usually do not aim at breaching security. Rather, they are focused on making websites and services unavailable to genuine users resulting in downtime.

One popular Denial of Service vulnerability is DDoS (a Distributed Denial of Service), an attack that attempts to clog network pipes to the system by generating a large volume of traffic from many machines.

When it comes to open source libraries, DoS vulnerabilities allow attackers to trigger such a crash or crippling of the service by using a flaw either in the application code or from the use of open source libraries.

Two common types of DoS vulnerabilities:

  • High CPU/Memory Consumption- An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to take a disproportionate amount of time to process. For example, commons-fileupload:commons-fileupload.

  • Crash - An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to crash. For Example, npm ws package

Remediation

Upgrade rubyzip to version 1.3.0 or higher.

References

CVSS Score

8.2
high severity
  • Attack Vector
    Network
  • Attack Complexity
    Low
  • Privileges Required
    None
  • User Interaction
    None
  • Scope
    Unchanged
  • Confidentiality
    None
  • Integrity
    Low
  • Availability
    High
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:R
Credit
Unknown
CVE
CVE-2019-16892
CWE
CWE-776
Snyk ID
SNYK-RUBY-RUBYZIP-469156
Disclosed
25 Sep, 2019
Published
25 Sep, 2019