Arbitrary File Write

Affecting tar package, versions >=6.0.0 <6.1.9 || >=5.0.0 <5.0.10 || <4.4.18

Report new vulnerabilities
Do your applications use this vulnerable package? Test your applications

Overview

tar is a full-featured Tar for Node.js.

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Arbitrary File Write. node-tar aims to guarantee that any file whose location would be modified by a symbolic link is not extracted. This is, in part, achieved by ensuring that extracted directories are not symlinks. Additionally, in order to prevent unnecessary stat calls to determine whether a given path is a directory, paths are cached when directories are created.

This logic is insufficient when extracting tar files that contain two directories and a symlink with names containing unicode values that normalized to the same value. Additionally, on Windows systems, long path portions would resolve to the same file system entities as their 8.3 "short path" counterparts. A specially crafted tar archive can include directories with two forms of the path that resolve to the same file system entity, followed by a symbolic link with a name in the first form, lastly followed by a file using the second form. This leads to bypassing node-tar symlink checks on directories, essentially allowing an untrusted tar file to symlink into an arbitrary location and extracting arbitrary files into that location.

Remediation

Upgrade tar to version 6.1.9, 5.0.10, 4.4.18 or higher.

References

CVSS Score

8.5
high severity
  • Attack Vector
    Local
  • Attack Complexity
    Low
  • Privileges Required
    None
  • User Interaction
    Required
  • Scope
    Changed
  • Confidentiality
    High
  • Integrity
    High
  • Availability
    Low
CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:L
Credit
ginkoid, chen-robert, JarLob
CVE
CVE-2021-37712
CWE
CWE-22
Snyk ID
SNYK-JS-TAR-1579152
Disclosed
01 Sep, 2021
Published
01 Sep, 2021