Arbitrary File Write via Archive Extraction (Zip Slip)

Affecting bower package, versions <1.8.8

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Overview

bower offers a generic, unopinionated solution to the problem of front-end package management.

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Arbitrary File Write via Archive Extraction (Zip Slip). Attackers can write arbitrary files when a malicious archive is extracted.

Details

It is exploited using a specially crafted zip archive, that holds path traversal filenames. When exploited, a filename in a malicious archive is concatenated to the target extraction directory, which results in the final path ending up outside of the target folder. For instance, a zip may hold a file with a "../../file.exe" location and thus break out of the target folder. If an executable or a configuration file is overwritten with a file containing malicious code, the problem can turn into an arbitrary code execution issue quite easily.

The following is an example of a zip archive with one benign file and one malicious file. Extracting the malicous file will result in traversing out of the target folder, ending up in /root/.ssh/ overwriting the authorized_keys file:


+2018-04-15 22:04:29 ..... 19 19 good.txt

+2018-04-15 22:04:42 ..... 20 20 ../../../../../../root/.ssh/authorized_keys

Remediation

Upgrade bower to version 1.8.8 or higher.

References

CVSS Score

8.0
high severity
  • Attack Vector
    Network
  • Attack Complexity
    Low
  • Privileges Required
    Low
  • User Interaction
    Required
  • Scope
    Unchanged
  • Confidentiality
    High
  • Integrity
    High
  • Availability
    High
CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H/RL:O
Credit
skyn3t
CWE
CWE-29
Snyk ID
SNYK-JS-BOWER-73627
Disclosed
24 Jan, 2019
Published
25 Jan, 2019