Deserialization of Untrusted Data
Affecting com.fasterxml.jackson.core:jackson-databind artifact, versions [2.9.0,22.214.171.124) || [2.8.0,126.96.36.199) || [,188.8.131.52)Report new vulnerabilities
com.fasterxml.jackson.core:jackson-databind is a library which contains the general-purpose data-binding functionality and tree-model for Jackson Data Processor.
Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Deserialization of Untrusted Data which allows attackers to have a variety of impacts by leveraging failure to block the
logback-core class from polymorphic deserialization. Depending on the
classpath content, remote code execution may be possible.
Serialization is a process of converting an object into a sequence of bytes which can be persisted to a disk or database or can be sent through streams. The reverse process of creating objects from a sequence of bytes is called deserialization. Deserialization of untrusted data (CWE-502) occurs when an application deserializes untrusted data without sufficiently verifying that the resulting data will be valid, allowing the attacker to control the state or the flow of the execution.
com.fasterxml.jackson.core:jackson-databind allows deserialization of JSON input to Java objects. If an application using this dependency has the ability to deserialize a JSON string from an untrusted source, an attacker could leverage this vulnerability to conduct deserialization attacks.
Exploitation of unsafe deserialization attacks through
jackson-databind requires the following prerequisites:
1. The target application allowing JSON user input which is processed by jackson-databind
An application using
jackson-databind is only vulnerable if a user-provided JSON data is deserialized.
2. Polymorphic type handling for properties with nominal type are enabled
Polymorphic type handling refers to the addition of enough type information so that the deserializer can instantiate the appropriate subtype of a value. Use of "default typing" is considered dangerous due to the possibility of an untrusted method (gadget) managing to specify a class that is accessible through the class-loader and therefore, exposing a set of methods and/or fields.
3. An exploitable gadget class is available for the attacker to leverage
Gadget chains are specially crafted method sequences that can be created by an attacker in order to change the flow of code execution. These gadgets are often methods introduced by third-party components which an attacker could utilise in order to attack the target application. Not every gadget out there is supported by
jackson-databind. The maintainers of
jackson-databind proactively blacklists possible serialization gadgets in an attempt to ensure that it is not possible for an attacker to chain gadgets during serialization.
- On Jackson CVEs: Don’t Panic on Medium
- NCC Group Jackson Deserialization WhitePaper
- Java Security Best Practices
com.fasterxml.jackson.core:jackson-databind to version 184.108.40.206, 220.127.116.11, 18.104.22.168 or higher.