Directory Traversal

Affecting elfinder.aspnet package, versions [,1.1.1)

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elFinder.AspNet is an elFinder ASP.NET backend

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Directory Traversal. The user-controlled file name is not properly sanitized before it is used to create a file system path.


# A test environment is within the GitHub repository and can be set up as following:

git clone
cd elFinder.AspNet/elFinder.AspNet.Web/
libman restore
dotnet run

Browse to http://localhost:5000/

The vulnerability can be verified as following:

1. Right-click on one of the existing files and choose `rename`
2. Rename the file to `../attacker.txt`
3. An error message by the server appears
4. The file should now be written into the wwwroot `ls wwwroot`, instead of the expected volume folder


A Directory Traversal attack (also known as path traversal) aims to access files and directories that are stored outside the intended folder. By manipulating files with "dot-dot-slash (../)" sequences and its variations, or by using absolute file paths, it may be possible to access arbitrary files and directories stored on file system, including application source code, configuration, and other critical system files.

Directory Traversal vulnerabilities can be generally divided into two types:

  • Information Disclosure: Allows the attacker to gain information about the folder structure or read the contents of sensitive files on the system.

st is a module for serving static files on web pages, and contains a vulnerability of this type. In our example, we will serve files from the public route.

If an attacker requests the following URL from our server, it will in turn leak the sensitive private key of the root user.

curl http://localhost:8080/public/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/root/.ssh/id_rsa

Note %2e is the URL encoded version of . (dot).

  • Writing arbitrary files: Allows the attacker to create or replace existing files. This type of vulnerability is also known as Zip-Slip.

One way to achieve this is by using a malicious zip archive that holds path traversal filenames. When each filename in the zip archive gets concatenated to the target extraction folder, without validation, the final path ends up outside of the target folder. If an executable or a configuration file is overwritten with a file containing malicious code, the problem can turn into an arbitrary code execution issue quite easily.

The following is an example of a zip archive with one benign file and one malicious file. Extracting the malicious file will result in traversing out of the target folder, ending up in /root/.ssh/ overwriting the authorized_keys file:

2018-04-15 22:04:29 .....           19           19  good.txt
2018-04-15 22:04:42 .....           20           20  ../../../../../../root/.ssh/authorized_keys


Upgrade elFinder.AspNet to version 1.1.1 or higher.


CVSS Score

high severity
  • Attack Vector
  • Attack Complexity
  • Privileges Required
  • User Interaction
  • Scope
  • Confidentiality
  • Integrity
  • Availability
Timo Mueller
Snyk ID
30 Jun, 2021
28 Jul, 2021