Versions mentioned in the description apply to the upstream
Remediation section below for
Debian:10 relevant versions.
Exim 4 before 4.94.2 allows Execution with Unnecessary Privileges. Because Exim operates as root in the spool directory (owned by a non-root user), an attacker can write to a /var/spool/exim4/input spool header file, in which a crafted recipient address can indirectly lead to command execution.
exim4 to version 4.92-8+deb10u6 or higher.