Directory Traversal

Affecting elfinder.net.core package, versions [0,1.2.4)

Report new vulnerabilities
Do your applications use this vulnerable package? Test your applications

Overview

elFinder.Net.Core is an An elFinder backend connector with less magic code and more compatibility. This enables .NET Standard 2.0 projects to easily integrate elFinder functionalities.

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Directory Traversal. The user-controlled file name is not properly sanitized before it is used to create a file system path.

PoC

# A test environment is within the GitHub repository and can be set up as following:

git clone https://github.com/trannamtrung1st/elFinder.Net.Core.git
cd elFinder.Net.Core/elFinder.Net.Core/Demos/elFinder.Net.Demo31
libman restore
dotnet run

# Browse to http://localhost:5000/

# The vulnerability can be verified as following:

# 1. Upload any file to the server
# 2. Right-click the file and choose `rename`
# 3. Rename the file to `../attacker.txt`
# 4. An error message by the server appears
# 5. The file should now be written into the wwwroot `ls wwwroot`, instead of the expected volume folder

Details

A Directory Traversal attack (also known as path traversal) aims to access files and directories that are stored outside the intended folder. By manipulating files with "dot-dot-slash (../)" sequences and its variations, or by using absolute file paths, it may be possible to access arbitrary files and directories stored on file system, including application source code, configuration, and other critical system files.

Directory Traversal vulnerabilities can be generally divided into two types:

  • Information Disclosure: Allows the attacker to gain information about the folder structure or read the contents of sensitive files on the system.

st is a module for serving static files on web pages, and contains a vulnerability of this type. In our example, we will serve files from the public route.

If an attacker requests the following URL from our server, it will in turn leak the sensitive private key of the root user.

curl http://localhost:8080/public/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/root/.ssh/id_rsa

Note %2e is the URL encoded version of . (dot).

  • Writing arbitrary files: Allows the attacker to create or replace existing files. This type of vulnerability is also known as Zip-Slip.

One way to achieve this is by using a malicious zip archive that holds path traversal filenames. When each filename in the zip archive gets concatenated to the target extraction folder, without validation, the final path ends up outside of the target folder. If an executable or a configuration file is overwritten with a file containing malicious code, the problem can turn into an arbitrary code execution issue quite easily.

The following is an example of a zip archive with one benign file and one malicious file. Extracting the malicious file will result in traversing out of the target folder, ending up in /root/.ssh/ overwriting the authorized_keys file:

2018-04-15 22:04:29 .....           19           19  good.txt
2018-04-15 22:04:42 .....           20           20  ../../../../../../root/.ssh/authorized_keys

Remediation

Upgrade elFinder.Net.Core to version 1.2.4 or higher.

References

CVSS Score

7.5
high severity
  • Attack Vector
    Network
  • Attack Complexity
    Low
  • Privileges Required
    None
  • User Interaction
    None
  • Scope
    Unchanged
  • Confidentiality
    High
  • Integrity
    None
  • Availability
    None
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N/E:P/RL:O/RC:C
Credit
Timo Mueller
CVE
CVE-2021-23407
CWE
CWE-22
Snyk ID
SNYK-DOTNET-ELFINDERNETCORE-1315152
Disclosed
30 Jun, 2021
Published
14 Jul, 2021