Versions mentioned in the description apply to the upstream
Remediation section below for
Debian:10 relevant versions.
Exim 4 before 4.94.2 allows Buffer Underwrite that may result in unauthenticated remote attackers executing arbitrary commands, because smtp_ungetc was only intended to push back characters, but can actually push back non-character error codes such as EOF.
exim4 to version 4.92-8+deb10u6 or higher.