Versions mentioned in the description apply to the upstream
Remediation section below for
Debian:10 relevant versions.
Exim 4 before 4.94.2 allows Execution with Unnecessary Privileges. Because Exim operates as root in the log directory (owned by a non-root user), a symlink or hard link attack allows overwriting critical root-owned files anywhere on the filesystem.
exim4 to version 4.92-8+deb10u6 or higher.