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- Vulnerable module: bootstrap
- Introduced through: firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduced through: undefined@kiwitcms/Kiwi#9bdeadffc7d17a94359bd7acfbac580980aac0e6 › email@example.com › firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduced through: undefined@kiwitcms/Kiwi#9bdeadffc7d17a94359bd7acfbac580980aac0e6 › email@example.com › firstname.lastname@example.org › email@example.com
Introduced through: undefined@kiwitcms/Kiwi#9bdeadffc7d17a94359bd7acfbac580980aac0e6 › firstname.lastname@example.org › email@example.com › firstname.lastname@example.org
bootstrap is an sleek, intuitive, and powerful front-end framework for faster and easier web development.
Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks via the
These attacks are possible by escaping the context of the web application and injecting malicious scripts in an otherwise trusted website. These scripts can introduce additional attributes (say, a "new" option in a dropdown list or a new link to a malicious site) and can potentially execute code on the clients side, unbeknown to the victim. This occurs when characters like
' are not escaped properly.
There are a few types of XSS:
- Persistent XSS is an attack in which the malicious code persists into the web app’s database.
- Reflected XSS is an which the website echoes back a portion of the request. The attacker needs to trick the user into clicking a malicious link (for instance through a phishing email or malicious JS on another page), which triggers the XSS attack.
The vulnerability has been fixed in versions
4.0.0-beta.2 but these versions haven't been released to npm as of Jan 19th, 2018.